past tense, travel, verb phrases, negative polarity questions

There are some mistakes which I can understand, and others which I can’t. In class one day this week, the topic was travel, and there were two readings on ‘My worst holiday’. The grammar focus arising from the reading was past simple, because most travel stories are recounted largely that way. The past simple forms appeared in the stories, but the grammar focus activity gave the plain present forms, which the students had to change to the past simple forms, then check them from the story.

One student gave the past simple form of ‘go’ as ‘goesed’, which I don’t/can’t understand how he produced. He has never encountered that form, and there is no rule in English grammar which allows the addition of two different verb inflections, especially when one of them is a present tense form and the other is a past tense form.* Just possibly, he was thinking that she/he/it needs ‘-es’ always, then added ‘-ed’ to make the past tense form, except that the story was told in first person. Just possibly, we would understand the answer ‘I goesed home’ to the question ‘What did you do after class yesterday?’, but would be at least momentarily flummoxed by it.

Another student wrote ‘gone’ as the past simple form. I can understand that. go-went-gone is probably the second hardest verb paradigm for students to remember (behind ‘be’).  ‘gone’ is visually and aurally more similar to ‘go’; indeed, ‘went’ began as a completely different word.  Certainly, we would understand the answer ‘I gone home’.**

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Very best photos of Korea May-Aug 2016

I’m now back in Australia, so these will be the last photos of Korea for a while.

Near Naejangsa temple, Jeolla-buk.067_img_8141Hermitage near Seonunsa, Jeolla-buk. 068_img_8186Motorways to the south of Dajeon.069_img_8393Daejeon.070_img_8466Daejeon.071_img_8527Near Mallipo beach.072_img_8884Mallipo beach, the tower of a zipline.073_img_8922In the grounds of a Roman Catholic church on Anmyeon-do. 074_img_9208Anmyeon-do.075_img_9253National cemetery, Daejeon076_20160607_165039National cemetery, Daejeon077_img_9381Daejeon Anglican cathedral.078_img_9490Suwon fortress and nearby church.079_img_9676Suwon fortress and modern suburbia.080_img_9829Suwon fortress. 081_img_9863Suwon fortress.082_img_9890Sutong-gol valley, near Daejeon.083_20160709_154807Daejeon, I assume.084_img_0252Jamsil bridge, Seoul.085_20160723_125416Lotte tower, Seoul. It is impossible to get all of the tower with nothing else.086_20160723_134016National war memorial museum, Seoul.087_20160723_181831Mangwolsa, Bukhansan national park.088_20160724_132909Uam historical park, Daejeon. Because I’d been there a number of times, I wanted to try something different, so took a batch of monochrome photos.089_20160728_183832National cemetery, Daejeon. Trains played a surprisingly important role during the Korean war. 090_20160801_110844Daecheong dam, near Daejeon.091_20160805_125135A temple somewhere near Daejeon.092_20160808_122156

Last thoughts about South Korea

Last Sunday, I attended church in Korea for the last time. At the end of the service, the congregational leader announced that I was leaving, and the priest invited me to speak. I noticed that a Korean woman who’d lived in England for some time, and spoke English well, had also come to the front and was standing next to me holding a microphone, obviously to translate for me. But I surprised everyone, including her, by speaking in Korean, about 30 seconds of thank you and goodbye which I’d been composing in my head the day before and during the service. At the end, I turned to her and said ‘Please translate that’. She was so flustered that she gave a brief summary in English!

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almost but not quite

A few weeks ago, I went to a national cemetery on the outskirts of the city I’m living in. At one point, I took two photos six seconds apart of (a modern reproduction of) a traditional pavillion reflected in a pond, adjusting various things in the time between. Looking at the two photos, one is ‘almost but not quite’ and the other is now in my album of ‘very best photos’ for this year. The differences are small: in the first, a few leaves on bush on the near shore are visible, along with a band of the reflected sky; in the second, I’ve zoomed slightly, framing out the bush and sky, and including less of the trees at the top. The reflection is not quite symmetrical horizontally, but the fish fills the extra space. It may not be the best photo ever, or even my best photo ever, but I unhesitatingly chose it among my ‘very best’ for this year.

20160607_165033    20160607_165039

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